To upgrade lighting in a public storage warehouse with a mix of 8-ft T12, 4-ft T12 and T8 fixtures and meet Vancouver’s strict energy codes. Energy measurements were carried out during pilot test which shows an eye-popping energy savings of 96% after conversion!
This multi-storey public storage facility is located in the City of Vancouver. The corridors leading to all the storage units are lit by rows of fluorescent fixtures connected end-to-end across the entire corridor. The users of the storage units depend on these fluorescent lights for illumination when they access individual storage units. Therefore these lights must be well-maintained to ensure sufficient brightness to properly service the users’ needs at all time.
For historical reasons, the storage has a large mix of 8ft T12, 4ft T12 and 4 ft T8 all across the facility. These fluorescent lights are non-dimmable, so they are usually fully turned ON during daily operating hours from 8am to 6pm. The staff will visit each floor to turn off all the lights at the end of the day. Since the storage units are only occasionally accessed by users, a lot of energy is wasted when all the corridors are lit up at full power. There is great opportunity for energy saving by changing to LED lighting with smart control.
For testing purpose, a pilot installation was commissioned. 3 pieces of existing fluorescent lights outside a more frequently-visited storage unit were converted to Smart LEDs using 3 sets of SLCs. The daily energy consumption over 5 weeks was recorded using an energy meter to determine the potential energy savings after conversion. The following table displays info of the 3 original fluorescent lights before conversion.
Original 8-ft and 4-ft T12 fluorescent lights are fully lighted at all time.
What users say:
Both the manager and staff of the storage facility are satisfied that the ALEC SLCs operate as promised and deliver brighter lighting to users, but only when needed.
Feedback from users of the storage facility has also been very positive.
The business owner and the storage space users were completely satisfied with the outcomes from the pilot test. In November 2019, the owner commissioned ALEC SmartLighting to install more than 400 SLCs in the company’s West 11th Avenue and York Avenue public storage facilities located in Vancouver, BC. To further reduce energy waste at these facilities, alternate sets of converted LED lights are programmed to dim OFF, and others programmed to dim to 5%, after vacancy time-out.
Both public storage facilities operate for 4000 hours/year. The conversion from fluorescent lights to smart LEDs that either dim or turned OFF automatically when the space is not in use, will save the two public storage facilities more than 160,000kWh per year in electricity (or SAVE $22,000 per year @$0.14/kWh). The energy saved is sufficient to power more than 100 electric cars, each covering 12000 km, contributing to substantial reduction in carbon emissions.
Results from the pilot installation confirmed that the high efficiency SLC provides much brighter lighting to the space than the original fluorescent lamps. More importantly, full brightness lighting only comes on when the space is occupied. The lights will stay in DIM mode whenever the space is vacant. Thus, the facility is never in total darkness. Such “On-Demand Lighting” enables lights to immediately and smoothly brighten one-by-one as and when an occupant enters the detection zone.
A “Dual-Stage Dimming” algorithm was implemented for this pilot test. The SLC-converted LED light was configured to first dim to 25% when space was vacant for 15 minutes, and then dim to 5% after a further 2 minutes of no occupancy. This algorithm was designed to address instances where users may be inactive or are at corners of a space that is not detectable by the occupancy sensor. By initially dimming the light down to a medium dim level, it alerts the undetected user that the light is going to further dim to very low brightness (or even turned OFF completely) if no activity is sensed. This allows the user who is still around to activate the sensor and re-gain full brightness.
The “Dual-Stage Dimming” setting works extremely well for this application. It ensures that if a user is at a corner of the storage area that is undetectable by the occupancy sensor after 15 minutes, the first stage dimming to 25% comes on. At this stage, the brightness level is sufficiently safe for the user to exit the storage cell to trigger the sensor. Each trigger of the sensor will give the user full brightness for another 15 minutes.The SLC’s “On-Demand Lighting” is what contributes to the impressive 96% of energy savings achieved by converting T12 fluorescent lights to Smart LEDs.
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